class WhateverCode is Code { }

WhateverCode objects are the result of Whatever-priming. See the Whatever documentation for details.

When you wish to control how a method or function interprets any Whatever star, you may use multi dispatch with Whatever and WhateverCode parameters to do so, as in the following example:

class Cycle {
      has $.pos;
      has @.vals;
multi get-val(Cycle $cInt $idx{
      $c.vals[$idx % $c.vals.elems]
# Define what to do with a stand-alone * as the second argument 
multi get-val(Cycle $cWhatever $idx{
# Define what to do with a * WhateverCode in an expression 
multi get-val(Cycle $cWhateverCode $idx{
my Cycle $c .= new(:pos(2), :vals(0..^10));
say get-val($c3);   # OUTPUT: «3␤» 
say get-val($c*);   # OUTPUT: «2␤» 
say get-val($c*-1); # OUTPUT: «1␤»

The WhateverCode does the Callable role, so it should be possible to introspect the type of Callable it contains; for instance, continuing the previous example, we can add a multi that handles a WhateverCode with two arguments via checking the signature:

# Define what to do with two * in an expression 
multi get-val(Cycle $cWhateverCode $idx where { .arity == 2 }{
say get-val($c* + * div 2); # 2 + 10/2 = 7 

Note, though, that subexpressions may impose their own Whatever star rules:

my @a = (012);
say get-val($c@a[*-1]) # 2, because the star belongs to the Array class 

This can make the ownership of Whatever stars become confusing rather quickly, so be careful not to overdo it.

You may instead type-constrain using Callable type in order to accept any Callable, including WhateverCode:

sub run-with-rand (Callable $code{ $code(rand};
run-with-rand *.say;           # OUTPUT: «0.773672071688484␤» 
run-with-rand {.say};          # OUTPUT: «0.38673179353983␤» 
run-with-rand sub { $^v.say }# OUTPUT: «0.0589543603685792␤»

Type-constraining with &-sigiled parameter works equally well and is shorter to type:

sub run-with-rand (&code{ code time };


Type relations for WhateverCode
raku-type-graph WhateverCode WhateverCode Code Code WhateverCode->Code Mu Mu Any Any Any->Mu Callable Callable Code->Any Code->Callable

Expand chart above