role Callable { ... }

Role for objects which support calling them. It's used in Block, Routine, Sub, Method, Submethod and Macro types.

Callables can be stored in &-sigiled containers, the default type constraint of such a container is Callable.

my &a = {;}# Empty block needs a semicolon 
my &b = -> {};
my &c = sub () {};
sub foo() {};
my &d = &foo;


method CALL-ME§

method CALL-ME(Callable:D $self: |arguments)

This method is required for the ( ) postcircumfix operator and the .( ) postcircumfix operator. It's what makes an object actually call-able and needs to be overloaded to let a given object act like a routine. If the object needs to be stored in a &-sigiled container, it has to implement Callable.

class A does Callable {
    submethod CALL-ME(|c){ 'called' }
my &a = A;
say a(); # OUTPUT: «called␤»

Applying the Callable role is not a requirement to make an object callable; if a class simply wants to add subroutine-like semantics in a regular scalar container, the submethod CALL-ME can be used for that.

class A {
    has @.values;
    submethod CALL-ME(Int $x where 0 <= * < @!values.elems{
my $a = values => [4,5,6,7];
say $a(2); # OUTPUT: «6␤»

method Capture§

method Capture()

Throws X::Cannot::Capture.


Type relations for Callable
raku-type-graph Callable Callable Mu Mu Any Any Any->Mu ForeignCode ForeignCode ForeignCode->Callable ForeignCode->Any Code Code Code->Callable Code->Any WhateverCode WhateverCode WhateverCode->Code Block Block Block->Code Routine Routine Routine->Block Sub Sub Sub->Routine Macro Macro Macro->Routine Submethod Submethod Submethod->Routine Method Method Method->Routine Regex Regex Regex->Method

Expand chart above